What are some introductions to AI safety?

Note that some of these introductions are from over 5 years ago. Given how quickly the field of AI progresses, some of these older introductions could use an update (e.g. Nick Bostrom’s 2014 book Superintelligence has little focus on modern deep learning systems).

A separate document lists some counterarguments: What are some arguments why AI safety might be less important?.

Top recommendations:

Quick reads (under ~10 minutes)

Short(ish) introductions

Longer introductions

Overviews of various research areas:

Podcasts and videos

See https://aisafety.video for more videos, and here for more podcasts.


Similar lists


  • Uncontrollable by Darren McKee

  • The Alignment Problem by Brian Christian

  • Human Compatible by Stuart Russell

  • Superintelligence by Nick Bostrom

  • Life 3.0 by Max Tegmark

  • Smarter Than Us by Stuart Armstrong

  • Better without AI by David Chapman

  • AI sections in The Precipice by Toby Ord