Can we list the ways a task could go disastrously wrong and tell an AI to avoid them?

Short answer: No, and could be dangerous to try.

Slightly longer answer: With any realistic real-world task assigned to an AGI, there are so many ways in which it could go wrong that trying to block them all off by hand is a hopeless task, especially when something smarter than you is trying to find creative new things to do. You run into the nearest unblocked strategy problem.

It may be dangerous to try this because if you try and hard-code a large number of things to avoid, it increases the chance that there’s a bug in your code that causes major problems, simply by increasing the size of your codebase.